Rise to power
Liu Yin was named regional governor under the Tang Dynasty in 905, two years before its fall. After the fall of the , he became the Prince of Nanping around his power base of Guangdong. He maintained that title until his death in 917.
While he never declared a new kingdom or dynasty, he is historically considered to be the founder of the Southern Han kingdom which was founded by his son, after his death. This kingdom would continue to exist until 971 when it was forced to submit to Song Dynasty rule.